segunda-feira, 5 de novembro de 2018

Global Issues: Prejudice


Prejudice

Did you know?
▪ The word "prejudice" comes from the Latin roots "prae" (in advance) and "judicum" (judgment), which essentially means to judge before. When we "pre-judge" someone, we make up our minds about who they are before we actually get to know them. Prejudices or "pre-judgments" are not based upon actual real-life interaction with a person or group it is often born of stereotypes and forms the fertile soil of discrimination.
For instance, a person may hold prejudiced mentally towards a certain ethnic group or gender etc. (e.g. sexist).

▪ The word ‘stereotype’ comes from the French adjective ‘’stéréotype’’, which itself comes from the Greek στερεός (solid) and τύπος (type). The earliest example in the Oxford English Dictionary of this usage is from a 1922 essay by Walter Lippmann in the journal Public Opinion: “A stereotype may be so consistently and authoritatively transmitted in each generation from parent to child that it seems almost like a biological fact.”
For instance, a person may stereotype a certain group of people, by the pre assumption based on some members of that group etc.

▪ The word ‘’Discrimination’’  from the Latin ‘’discrīminātus’’, which means literate to separate, can be considered the culmination of both previous terms, it is the behavior or action to make a distinction in favor of or against an individual, a group of people or something (being also most of the time negative) especially based on sex, race, social class, etc.
 For instance: a person might discriminate another by their different way of dressing. 

▪ The effects of social norms on prejudice
According to McLeod, S. A. (2008) on Prejudice and discrimination, Minard (1952) investigated how social norms influence prejudice and discrimination. The behavior of Afro-descendants and Caucasian miners in a town in the southern United States was observed, both above and below ground. (Read more)

▪ Affirmative Action
 An Affirmative action is an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; it is also known worldwide as a positive discrimination. Thinking like that it would be right to affirm that this kind of attitude or policy is for the best, isn’t it? Not so fast…

Ten myths about affirmative action:  In recent years, affirmative action has been debated more intensely than at any other time in its thirty-year history. Many supporters view affirmative action as a milestone, many opponents see it as a millstone, and many others regard it as both or neither, as a necessary, but imperfect, remedy for an intractable social disease. Here are some of the most popular myths about affirmative action, along with a brief commentary on each one. (Read more)

▪ Social media prejudice
Is it possible to be preconceived while networking, when we are comfortably set in our couches using smartphones or even during games online? Sadly but indeed it is. The social networking site as we probably know very well today, such as facebook, Instagram, twitter and many others, are formed by human beings, and being imperfect as we are, any tool we possess has the potential of being used as a tool for prejudice.
‘’Social networking as we know creates an "echo chamber" in which a network of like-minded people share controversial theories, biased views and selective news, academics found.
This means that any bias held is simply repeated back to them unchallenged and accepted as a real fact.’’
Says a study by The Telegraph journal
(Read more)

There is also a study about human behavior with and without social Medias: The study compared crowd-sourced and social media recruits to in-lab participants.  Check it out!



▪ Different types of prejudice
Different kinds of prejudice lead to different forms of discrimination. (Read more)

▪ Unconscious bias
Are you preconceived in any way? Do you know what unconscious bias is?
Find out at the videos below.




▪ Prejudice Consequences

Prejudice affects the everyday lives of millions of people across the globe. Prejudice held by individuals unnaturally forces on others who are targets of their prejudice a false social status that strongly influences who they are, what they think, and even the actions they take. Prejudice shapes what the targets of prejudice think about the world and life in general, about the people around them, and how they feel about themselves. Importantly, prejudice greatly influences what people expect from the future and how they feel about their chances for self-improvement, referred to as their life chances. All of these considerations define their very identity as individuals.


quarta-feira, 20 de junho de 2018

Game Library: Prey (2017)

Prey (2017)


System Requirements
Minimum:

Operating system: Windows 7/8.1/10 (64-bit OS required)
Processor: AMD FX-8320/AMD Ryzen or Intel Core i5-2500 or better
Memory: 8 GB RAM
Hard disk space: 25 GB free HDD space
Video: AMD Radeon 7870 2 GB or NVIDIA GTX 660 2 GB or better


Recommended:

Operating system: Windows 7/8/10 (64-bit OS required)
Processor: AMD FX-8350/AMD Ryzen 5 1400 or Intel Core i7-2600K or better
Memory: 16 GB RAM
Hard disk space: 25 GB free HDD space
Video: AMD Radeon RX 470/RX 570 4 GB or NVIDIA GTX 970 4 GB or better



Watch the game trailer below:


terça-feira, 19 de junho de 2018

Game Library: Alien VS Predator (2010)

Alien VS Predator (2010)


Play as a Xenomorph (Spicemen 6), a recently promoted elite predator (Dark) or as an inexperienced Colonial Marine ( Rookie). Alien: The Alien storyline revolves around a Xenomorph grown in captivity in the Weyland-Yutani labs on BG-386, codenamed Specimen 6. The scientists at the labs, led by Dr. Groves, observe Six's maturation with interest, none more so than Weyland, who deems it to be smarter than any other Xenomorph he has encountered. Predator: The Predator campaign begins with a Young Blood known as Dark, in a jungle on an unknown planet (possibly Yautja Prime), before the presence of his clan leader, Spartan, and several other Elites. They show Dark the basics of fighting and hunting Xenomorphs, using Warriors as prey. After the Young Blood has slain the Warriors, he is promoted to the rank of Elite. Dark is then sent to BG-386 with Wolf and another Elite to investigate a distress call sent by a party of Young Bloods there, and to ascertain what has happened to the novice Predators Marine: As a Marine, the game starts out above BG-386. Marine platoons aboard the USS Marlow are preparing for a combat drop when Dark's vessel comes out of cloak nearby and immediately (and swiftly) destroys the Marlow, leaving only a handful of Marines alive scattered on other small ships. Major Van Zandt directs the survivors to land.

Watch the game trailer below:



Game Library: Black Mesa

Black Mesa


Black Mesa is a re-envisioning of Valve Software's classic science fiction first person shooter, Half-Life. Powered by Source Engine, You will re-visit the inaugural role of Gordon Freeman and his memorable journey through the Black Mesa Research Facility. Expect detailed environments to explore, a huge cast of characters and experimental weaponry. All-new music, voice acting, choreography and added dialogue give way to a more expansive and immersive experience than ever before.

Watch the game trailer below:


segunda-feira, 18 de junho de 2018

Game Library: Tomb Raider Survival Edition

Tomb Raider Survival Edition


A new intense and gritty origin story of Lara Croft and her ascent from a frightened young woman to a hardened survivor. Armed only with raw instincts and the ability to push beyond the limits of human endurance, Lara must fight to unravel the dark history of a forgotten island to escape its relentless hold.

Watch the game trailer below:


sexta-feira, 15 de junho de 2018

Game Library: Halo: Spartan Strike

Halo: Spartan Strike


Halo: Spartan Strike is a twin-stick shooter video game set in the military science fiction Halo universe. During gameplay, players assume the role of human supersoldiers known as Spartans in a series of war games simulating fictional historical events. Players are able to use all-new weapons, such as the Suppressor, Scatter Shot, Incineration Cannon, and Binary Rifle, as well as new armor abilities, such as the Bubble Shield, Airstrike, Proximity Mine, Teleport, and Shock Chain in the battlefield.

Watch the game trailer below:


Game Library: Dead or Alive 5 - Last Round

Dead or Alive 5 - Last Round


Dead or Alive 5: Last Round is a 2015 fighting game developed by Team Ninja and published by Koei Tecmo for the PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Microsoft Windows, and Arcade. It is the third updated version of 2012's Dead or Alive 5, following 2013's Dead or Alive 5 Plus and Dead or Alive 5 Ultimate.
Notable changes from Ultimate include two additional characters and a graphical upgrade for the new generation of consoles. Unlike the original Dead or Alive 5, as a download update for PS3 and Xbox 360, the game can convert either the digital versions of Ultimate or Ultimate: Core Fighters into Last Round.

Watch the game trailer below: